south africa temperature

Climatic zones are often referred to by the seasonal pattern of rainfall. In coldest Cape Town air warms up to 18 °C (64 °F), in Durban to 20 °C (68 °F) and 26 °C (79 °F) in Pretoria. South Africa's coasts are major tourist attractions and trade locations. The summer months in South Africa bring about hot, tropical weather throughout much of the country, making for great getaways in December, January, and February. Get the South Africa weather forecast. Climate Information Tool, Monthly Data This tool provides data for any location in Africa, even if no weather station is available. The winter rainfall region is confined to a relatively small area in the south-west, the Western Cape area, where gentle rain falls from May to August but the summers are dry. During winter it is warmest in the coastal regions, especially on the eastern Indian Ocean coast. Winter temperatures may reach the freezing point at high altitude, but are at their most mild in coastal regions, particularly KwaZulu Natal Province and perhaps the Eastern Cape. The summer and winter rainfall region is the Eastern Cape. Don't forget insect repellant, preferably with DEET. For example, Cape Town might dip to 47 degrees Fahrenheit (8 degrees Celsius) in July while it's 72 degrees Fahrenheit (22 degrees Celsius) in Durban. With several other parts on the interior not receiving an adequate amount of rainfall and thus prone to droughts. Unlike Africa's equatorial countries, where the year is split into rainy and dry seasons, South Africa does have four seasons—summer, fall, winter, and spring—only they are flipped from the seasons in the Northern Hemisphere. Rainfall can be significant here during the summer months, but for the most part, the thunderstorms are interspersed with perfect weather. Precipitation decreases and temperature rises. The rainy season for most of the country is in the summer which is November through to March. What to Pack: This time of year in South Africa is typically usually mild, but you should still pack long-sleeved shirts, sweaters, a jacket, and a good raincoat, especially if you're visiting wetter coastal cities. Cold and warm coastal currents running north-west and north-east respectively account for the difference in climates between west and east coasts. Evidence shows that extreme weather events are becoming more prominent due to climate change. [12] Speedy environmental changes are resulting clear effects on the community and environmental level in different ways and aspects, starting with air quality, to temperature and weather patterns, reaching out to food security and disease burden. It is Africa's most industrialised nation, with much of its wealth based on mineral resources, for example half of all the gold produced in the world comes from South Africa. That honour belongs to the Eastern Cape town of Dunbrody, in the Sundays River Valley. Thanks to the existence of the cold Benguela current, the waters around Cape Town are always chilly. The former central business district is found on the south side of the prominent ridge called the Witwatersrand and the terrain falls to the north and south. Available worldwide and independent from weather stations. April and May are the best months for trekking in the Drakensberg.Â, The Karoo is a vast region of semi-desert wilderness that covers some 153,000 square miles square kilometers and spans three provinces in the center of South Africa. However, due to fog, humidity and wind, you can feel cold, especially in winter. The sea is positively warm in summer and refreshingly cool in winter.Â, Johannesburg is located in Gauteng province in the northern interior. The wettest month is July with an average of 100mm of rain. The shoulder seasons are often the most pleasant. Most overseas visitors think of South Africa as a land drenched in perpetual sunshine. Som… A small area in the northwest has a desert climate. On the interior plateau, the altitude – Johannesburg lies at 1 694 metres – keeps the average summer temperatures below 30°C. Simply click wherever you want on the map to access it. Snow is common in the mountains. Just like many other parts of the world, climate research showed that the real challenge in South Africa was more related to environmental issues more than developmental ones. The summer rainfall region is the largest, being most of the country north of the coastal areas and the north west arid desert. You can choose the units of measurement for displaying data - in Celsius or Fahrenheit Below are the cities and resorts in South Africa with the values of water temperature today and yesterday. This makes the ocean important to South Africa and its citizens. The overall conditions of the country has warm, sunny days and cool nights. By using Tripsavvy, you accept our. South Africa experiences a diversity of changes in climate, but is most famous for its sunshine. Here, the climate is constantly mild, with average daytime temperatures around 15 °C (59 °F) in winter and around 20 °C (68 °F) in summer, even though rapid increases in temperature may occur when the wind blows from the desert, which lies to the east and is scorchingly hot in summer. While Kruger National Park offers safari opportunities year-round, many prefer the dry, mild winter months to the wetter summer months.Â, Like Durban, the Drakensberg Mountains are located in KwaZulu-Natal. Rain falls from October to February and is often heavy, with the amount of precipitation increasing from west to east. Rain falls from October to February and is often heavy, with the amount of precipitation increasing from west to east. Access historical weather information for South Africa with history+. South Africa has typical weather for the Southern Hemisphere, with the coldest days in June–August. Generally speaking, temperatures at the coast are more consistent throughout the year, while the arid and mountainous areas of the interior see the greatest fluctuation in seasonal temperatures. [7] Temperatures in the city are usually fairly mild due to the city's high altitude, with the average maximum daytime temperature in January of 26 °C (78.8 °F), dropping to an average maximum of around 16 °C (60.8 °F) in June. The company is South Africa’s second-biggest producer of greenhouse gases and operates the Secunda coal-to-fuel plant, the world’s biggest single-site emitter of greenhouse gases. The region around the Cape Peninsula, including Cape Town, has a Mediterranean climate: cold and miserable rain in winter, balanced by glorious cle… Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 36°F to 78°F and is rarely below 30°F or above 85°F. South Africa Weather and Climate. The main factors influencing conditions are altitude and the surrounding oceans. In April, temperatures drop slightly more, and fog usually occurs. [12], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "GPCC's new land surface precipitation climatology based on quality-controlled in situ data and its role in quantifying the global water cycle", "Johannesburg & Gauteng Weather and Climate", "Joburg covered by snow as temperature drops", "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated", https://www.environment.gov.za/sites/default/files/docs/nationalclimatechange_adaptationstrategy_ue10november2019.pdf, "Impacts of and Adaptation to Climate Change", "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health", "Climate change in Africa: costs of mitigating heat stress", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_of_South_Africa&oldid=990757504, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 09:40. South Africa experiences a high degree of sunshine with rainfall about half of the global average, increasing from west to east, and with semi-desert regions in the north-west. This summer rainfall region also has a very mild climate with an average temperature between 12°C and 28°C in winter. Of course, these averages change dramatically from region to region. Climate - Johannesburg (South Africa) Average weather, temperature, rainfall, sunshine hours In Johannesburg, the largest city of South Africa, the climate is subtropical, with mild, sunny winters (when, however, nights are cold) and pleasantly warm summers, usually sunny, but with some afternoon thunderstorms. Water temperatures are warm and ideal for swimming. Starting in September, temperatures usually climb above 60 degrees Fahrenheit (16 degrees Celsius) in Cape Town and to almost 80 degrees Fahrenheit (27 degrees Celsius) in Pretoria. Winters in Johannesburg are moderate, with dry, sunny days and chilly nights. Don't forget sunscreen—the sun in South Africa is harsh year-round. While the Western Cape has a Mediterranean climate with winter rainfall, most of the country experiences summer rain. It has a wider variety of climates than most other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, and it has lower average temperatures than other countries within this range of latitude, like Australia, because much of the interior (central plateau or Highveld, including Johannesburg) of South Africa is at a higher elevation. Pack swimwear if you'll be visiting the beach. You can test data access for … What's the Weather Really Like in Canada? Sasol and other South African companies are coming under increasing pressure to take more action on climate change. However, be aware that nighttime temperatures can drop dramatically, so you'll need to pack extra layers.Â. Summer lasts from December to February, and fall stretches about March through May before winter takes over from June to August, while spring brings blooms in many places during September and October. It is a land of arid desert and lush tropical coasts, of temperate woodland and snow-capped mountains. Winter is the sunniest time of the year, with cool days and cold nights. More so, the seas temperatures are also relatively stable with an average of 21°C all year round; hence giving room for a diversity of aquatic activities at any time of the year. The weather is also influenced by the El Niño–Southern Oscillation. [13], The various effects of climate change on rural communities are expected to include: drought, depletion of water resources and biodiversity, soil erosion, decreased subsistence economies and cessation of cultural activities. It’s a dry country, classified as semi-arid. The warmest sea temperature in South Africa today is 25.1°C/77.2°F (in Sodwana Bay), and the coldest water temperature is 13.8°C/56.8°F (Yzerfontein). Pretoria Weather Forecasts. How to Plan Your Trip to Orlando With the Seasons in Mind, Weather in Ireland: Climate, Seasons, and Average Monthly Temperature, The Weather and Climate in Southeast Asia. Summers in the Karoo are hot, and the region's limited annual rainfall occurs at this time. Winters are mild, sunny, and typically dry. The average annual rainfall for the whole of South Africa is about 464 mm. With its biggest city as Durban, visitors are sure to enjoy occasional warmth and sunshine, with mixed steady rainfall. Climate change has highly impacted South Africa, primarily due to increased temperatures and rainfall variability. Regular cold fronts pass over in winter bringing very cold southerly winds but usually clear skies. [12] As part of its international commitments, South Africa has pledged to peak emissions between 2020 and 2025. [4] In the winter months, snow collects on the high mountains of the Cape and the Drakensberg. The world average is about 860mm. Jillian Dara is a freelance travel writer and fact checker. Spring in South Africa. South Africa climate overview. Get the monthly weather forecast for Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa, including daily high/low, historical averages, to help you plan ahead. But … The climate conditions in South Africa ranges from desert and semi-desert in the north west of the country to sub-tropical on the eastern coastline. In winter, there is much less rainfall in Johannesburg than in summer. Her work has appeared in Travel + Leisure, USA Today 10Best, Michelin Guide, Hemispheres, DuJour, and Jetsetter. In the summer, temperatures can be sweltering, and the humidity level is high. The last month of the summer, February, is also a moderately hot month in Durban, South Africa, with temperature in the range of an average low of 21.1°C (70°F) and an average high of 28°C (82.4°F).The warmest month is February, with an average high-temperature of 28°C (82.4°F) and an average low-temperature of 21.1°C (70°F). In the month of december, the mean temperature in Pretoria is 81°F (maximum temperature is 85°F and minimum temperature is 77°F). (Weather station: O.R. Tambo International Airport, South Africa). [4] In Johannesburg, the summers are long, warm, and partly cloudy and the winters are short, cold, dry, and clear. South Africa's climatic conditions generally range from Mediterranean in the southwestern corner of South Africa to temperate in the interior plateau, and subtropical in the northeast. It is typified by Johannesburg, at an elevation of 1,753 metres (5,751 ft). South Africa is situated at the southern most part of the African continent bordering Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The climate quite good in this city in the month of december. South Africa is already experiencing significant effects of climate change, particularly as a result of increased temperatures and water variability. March is typically the last warm month in South Africa, with a daytime temperature ranging from 77 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit (25 to 28 degrees Celsius). [14], Africa is currently and prospectively suffering from significant heat waves based on the nature of the continent amid the current environmental crisis. Temperatures in South Africa tend to be lower than in other countries at similar latitudes – such as Australia – mainly because of its greater elevation above sea level. The average annual temperature is 16.0 °C | 60.8 °F in Johannesburg. Cape Town, South Africa: Annual Weather Averages February is the hottest month in Cape Town with an average temperature of 22.5°C (73°F) and the coldest is June at 12.5°C (55°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 11.05 in December. The exception is the Western Cape and its capital city Cape Town where the climate is Mediterranean and it rains more in the wintertime. Johannesburg enjoys a dry, sunny climate, with the exception of occasional late afternoon downpours in the summer months of October to April. Most people thinking of planning a holiday visualise hot sunny weather, perfect for lying on the many beautiful beaches in South Africa. Currently: 63 °F. [2] The average annual rainfall for South Africa is about 464 mm (compared to a global average of 786 mm[3]) but large and unpredictable variations are common. Temperatures can reach 32 °C in summer and between 16°C and 25°C from June to August. Temperatures in Cape Town typically hover around 65 degrees Fahrenheit, while Johannesburg is usually above 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius). By and large the Witwatersrand marks the watershed between the Limpopo and Vaal Rivers. The Highveld is the eastern plateau area of South Africa. If you're hoping to see whales, this is the best time to do so. [15] South Africa contributes considerable CO2 emissions, being the 14th largest emitter of CO2. The average … Overall, rainfall is greatest in the east and gradually decreases westward, with some semi-desert areas along the western edge of South Africa. The winter rainfall region is confined to a relatively small area in the south-west, the Western Cape area, where gentle rain falls from May to August but the summers are dry. The Indian and Atlantic oceans meet at the southwestern tip of South Africa. For most of the country, rain falls mainly in the summer months with brief afternoon thunderstorms. Vegetation tends to vary by climatic zone[5] and these also correspond to the horticultural zones.[6]. However, with a total landmass of over 470,900 square miles, South Africa's weather is not so easily summarized. Our summer is from November to the end of March and is hot in all regions. For most of the country, the rains usually coincide with the summer months, although the Western Cape (including Cape Town) is an exception to this rule.Â, Parts of South Africa see summer highs get up to 81 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius), with averages closer to 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius), while the mild winters produce average highs of approximately 63 degrees Fahrenheit (17 degrees Celsius). Situated on the eastern board of South Africa the flora is luxuriant and abundant. Spring is an extremely pleasant time to visit South Africa. The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. South Africa Average Temperature - values, historical data and charts - was last updated on November of 2020. Temperature in South Africa averaged 17.29 celsius from 1857 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 24.65 celsius in January of 1983 and a record low of 8.53 celsius in July of 1884. The climate comfortable in that locality in the month of october. According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Cwb. The arid regions are in the north-west, with the driest areas being the north-west coast. South Africa is famous for its sunshine – an average of 2,500 hours of sun every year. Average Weather in Johannesburg South Africa. Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa weekend weather forecast, high temperature, low temperature, precipitation, weather map from The Weather Channel and Weather.com The east coast is on the Indian Ocean, which has a warm current. The west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with a cold current. What to pack: During these months, pack clothes that are cool, lightweight and comfortable, as temperatures can be scorching. Weather Chart Seasonal Weather. [12] This is in large part due to its energy system relying heavily on coal and oil. In winter, the weather in the Karoo is dry and mild. Tzaneen is 82 miles from Kruger National Park, so the actual climate in Kruger National Park can vary a bit. Both Atlantic and Indian oceans are too cold for swimming at this time. Most of South Africa gets rain only in the summer. Winter in South Africa brings about unpredictable weather from June through August that can vary wildly depending on where you're visiting. Around the lower Orange River area, temperatures frequently exceed 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius). The temperature occasionally drops to below freezing at night, causing frost. The rains come with the higher temperatures, and usually take the form of short, sharp thunderstorms in the late afternoon. Depending on when you travel and where you go, it is possible to encounter almost every different kind of weather extreme.Â, Although generalizing South Africa's weather is difficult, there are a few absolutes that apply throughout the country. The warm Agulhas Current runs south along the east coast and the cold Benguela Current flows north along the western shore. Climate change in South Africa is a critical concern for South Africans as climate change will affect the overall status and wellbeing of the country, for example with regards to water resources.Just like many other parts of the world, climate research showed that the real challenge in South Africa was more related to environmental issues more than developmental ones. Snow is a rare occurrence, with snowfall having been experienced in May 1956, August 1962, June 1964, September 1981, August 2006 (light), on 27 June 2007,[8] accumulating up to 10 centimetres (3.9 in) in the southern suburbs, and most recently on 7 August 2012. As a result, there is at least a 6 °C difference in the annual temperatures of Durban (on the east) and Port Nolloth (on the west) despite being located at roughly the same latitude. Climate Zones in South Africa. Parts of South Africa see summer highs get up to 81 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius), with averages closer to 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius), while the mild winters produce average highs of approximately 63 degrees Fahrenheit (17 degrees Celsius). Warm season weather is influenced by the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Again, the most pleasant time of year to visit is usually in spring or fall. Weather Underground provides local & long-range weather forecasts, weatherreports, maps & tropical weather conditions for the Pretoria area. South Africa has a lovely, temperate climate with plenty of sunny, dry days. Passing clouds. Download consistent and gap-free hourly data for South Africa as CSV. What to pack: Your packing list for fall should include some of the lighter clothing you'd pack for summer, as well as a jacket or sweater for the occasional chilly day. The summer rainfall region is the largest, being most of the country north of the coastal areas and the north west arid desert. Your Trip to South Africa: The Complete Guide. This page includes a chart with historical data for South Africa Average Temperature. Cape Town is also quite windy at this time. Today’s and tonight’s Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa weather forecast, weather conditions and Doppler radar from The Weather Channel and Weather.com Like Durban, Johannesburg sees its fair share of spectacular thunderstorms. The site interpolates data using weather stations that are within close proximity to your inquiry. Annual Weather Averages in Tzaneen. Temperatures drop by about 6°C for every 1,000m you climb (or 3.5°F per 1,000ft). Just how hot or humid depends on where you are. In the month of october, the mean temperature in Johannesburg is 77°F (maximum temperature is 83°F and minimum temperature is 72°F). Even in the Kalahari Desert, nighttime temperatures can drop below freezing.Â, Located in the far south of the country in the Western Cape, Cape Town has a temperate climate similar to that of Europe or North America. It’s a relatively dry country, and as you can see below, temperatures are very good during the whole year, although in wintertime nights can be chilling. The summer and winter rai… 30 years hourly weather data with history+. On the central plateau, which includes the Free State and Gauteng provinces, the altitude keeps the average temperatures below 20 °C (68 °F); Johannesburg, for example, lies at 1,753 metres (5,751 ft). Among South African tourist destinations, the KwaZulu-Natal province is tourist-friendly all year round. Regardless of when or where you travel in South Africa, it's a good idea to pack for all occasions. In winter temperatures can drop below freezing, also due to altitude. [10] This is a critical concern for South Africans as climate change will affect the overall status and wellbeing of the country, for example with regards to water resources. Winters are dry and warm during the day, although nights are often freezing at higher elevations and snow is common. What is the hottest temperature ever recorded in South Africa? The annual average rainfall is 713 millimetres (28.1 in), which is mostly concentrated in the summer months. [11] The most severe effect will be targeting the water supply, which has huge effects on the agriculture sector. South Africa experiences hotter and drier weather during the El Niño phase, while La Niña brings cooler and wetter conditions. Of course, these averages change dramatically from region to region. The Indian Ocean washes Durban's shores. In May, there are showers and heavy clouds. Winters in Cape Town can be downright cold, and the majority of the city's rain falls at this time. See more current weather × South Africa experiences winter and summer at opposite times as compar… But this is pretty reasonably and you will not be too bothered by it. Anouk is a travel writer, editor, and agent raised in Malawi and Kenya with more than 15 years of experience working in the African travel industry. With 3.1in over 9 days, rain may occur for your vacations. The best time to visit is between May and September when the days are warm and sunny. The climate for most of the Garden Route is similar to that of Cape Town.Â, Situated in the northeast province of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban enjoys a tropical climate and weather that remains fairly warm all year round. Summers here are generally very warm and humid and coincide with the rainy season. Temperatures continue to rise over the season, as rains decrease, making this a great season to explore the country. The climate of South Africa is determined by South Africa's situation between 22°S and 35°S, in the Southern Hemisphere's subtropical zone, and its location between two oceans, Atlantic and the Indian. In the western part of South Africa, afternoon rain showers are frequent. Spring weather comes to RSA with the very first days of September. According to preliminary data from the South African Weather Service, a total of 14 new all-time monthly LOW temperature records were busted yesterday (May 28), versus the 0 for record high.. However, their increased elevation means that even in the height of summer, they offer a respite from the hot temperatures of the coast. Summer. Climatic zones are often referred to by the seasonal pattern of rainfall. What to Pack: Pack light, breathable clothing, but be prepared for rain too. Access hourly, 10 day and 15 day forecasts along with up to the minute reports and videos from AccuWeather.com Infrequent showers occur through the course of the winter months. Most of the country has warm, sunny days and cool nights. The Western Cape province has a Mediterranean climate with warm to hot, dry, sunny summer weather and mild, rainy conditions in winter. Weather in Finland: Climate, Seasons, and Average Monthly Temperature, Tarpon Springs, Florida: Average Temperatures and Rainfall, The Weather and Climate in Vancouver, British Columbia, Weather in the Bahamas: Climate, Seasons, and Average Monthly Temperature, The Weather and Climate in Yellowstone National Park, Weather in South Africa: Climate, Seasons, and Average Monthly Temperature, Tripsavvy uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The north and west of the city has undulating hills while the eastern parts are flatter. These record low May temperatures were set ACROSS the southernmost tip of Africa, although the east appears to have been disproportionately hit. South Africa is a sunny country, averaging 8–10 daily sunshine hours in most regions. Summers are warm and generally dry, and at times the city has been plagued by drought. A light rain falls throughout the year even though summer is the wettest season. 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